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Definition and Causes of Bunions

Bunions, a painful bump at the base of the big toe, are a common and often misunderstood foot condition. They develop when the joint at the base of the big toe becomes misaligned, causing the tip of the big toe to angle toward the other toes. This misalignment results in a bony protrusion, also known as a bunion. While bunions can be the result of a genetic predisposition, they can also be triggered or exacerbated by various factors. Wearing ill-fitting shoes, especially those with narrow toe boxes or high heels, can force the toes into unnatural positions and contribute to bunion development. Additionally, repetitive stress or trauma to the foot can significantly contribute to getting a bunion. Understanding the causes is essential in preventing and managing bunions, as early intervention and lifestyle changes can help alleviate symptoms and slow their progression. If you have developed a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you speak with a podiatrist who can guide you toward relief and treatment options that are right for you.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Bruening Foot & Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Covina and Alta Loma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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